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Letters with marks (Dammah)

21 Mar

Dammah

Is a small curl placed above a letter and represents a short (u).  This (u) is pronounced as (u) in (bull).

The word Dammah means a hug.

Letters with marks (Kasrah)

21 Mar

Kasrah

Is a small diagonal line placed below a letter and represents a short (i). This (i) is pronounced as (i) in bin. The word Kasrah means breaking.

The mark of Kasrah كَسْرَة is down.

Letters with marks (Fat-hah)

20 Mar

Fat-hah

It is a small diagonal line placed above a letter and represents a short (a).

This (a) is pronounced as  (a) in (tablet). The word Fat-hah means opening, and refers to the opening of the mouth when producing an (a).

Names of Arabic letters

18 Mar

NOTE:

The correct name of the first letter is “Hamzah” not alif: Alif and Hamzah are two different letters.

The letter Alif is a long vowel, always written free from any type of Harakah, and it never comes at the beginning of a word. But Hamzah is a consonant that comes anywhere in the word with a Harakah. (see “Step by step book”  page: 61)

But because the Hamzah is mostly using Alif as a seat, people call the Hamzah on the top of Alif (أ)  as  an “Alif ” .